I am, James, son of James, son of Samuel, son of James, son of James, Country Antrim Ireland. My father called me James.
Since earliest times, Man has been known by his Christian [First] name; a quick look through the Holy Bible will reveal the use of Christian names followed by the name of the father.
Surnames were introduced by William the Conqueror in his great survey of 1086. This Survey was nothing more than a property grab and the implementation of King’s Taxes. It was in this survey, Man obtained a Tax name, referred too as his surname.
Wikipedia [That fountain of misinformation] says this about the Great Survey;
Domesday Book (/ˈduːmzdeɪ/ or US: /ˈdoʊmzdeɪ/; Latin: Liber de Wintonia “Book of Winchester”) is a manuscript record of the “Great Survey” of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states:
Then, at the midwinter , was the king in Gloucester with his council … . After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out “How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire.”
It was written in Medieval Latin, was highly abbreviated, and included some vernacular native terms without Latin equivalents. The survey’s main purpose was to determine what taxes had been owed during the reign of King Edward the Confessor, which allowed William to reassert the rights of the Crown and assess where power lay after a wholesale redistribution of land following the Norman conquest.
The assessors’ reckoning of a man’s holdings and their values, as recorded in Domesday Book, was dispositive and without appeal. The name “Domesday Book” (Middle English for “Doomsday Book”) came into use in the 12th century. As Richard FitzNeal wrote in the Dialogus de Scaccario (circa 1179):
for as the sentence of that strict and terrible last account cannot be evaded by any skilful subterfuge, so when this book is appealed to … its sentence cannot be quashed or set aside with impunity. That is why we have called the book ‘the Book of Judgement’ … because its decisions, like those of the Last Judgement, are unalterable.
I was born into Irish nationality as my social group and I reject the unlawful partitioning of Ireland by the British Government; Ireland, is one country, one nation, one society and one people. No amount of social engineering by the British government can ever change that.
Until about the 10th century in Ireland, surnames were not passed down from generation to generation. Instead, surnames were patronymic, or based on someone’s father’s name. A person was identified by his given name plus “mac,” meaning “son of,” followed by his father’s name.
For instance, Brian mac Colum was Brian, son of Colum. Brian’s son might be Finnian mac Brian (Finnian, son of Brian).
The female form of “mac” is “nic,” shortened from the Irish iníon mhic.
Alternatively, the prefix “o” was sometimes used in place of “mac” and meant “grandson of” or “descended from.” If Colum was well known, his grandson might have gone by the name Finnian O”Colum.
This is consistent with the Orthodox traditions of Russia – my “second Homeland” [being my wife’s side]. It is customary in Russia to use patronymics as middle names. Patronymics are derived from the father’s given name and end with -ovich or -evich. The female patronymics end in -ovna or -evna. So that I would be called James Jamesovich. [Son of James].
Let all Man understand my name.